Pepper: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. capsici
Eggplant: Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae
Pepper: Argentina, Italy, Mexico and USA
Eggplant: Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands and USA
Symptoms first appear as a slight yellowing of foliage and wilting of upper leaves. As wilting progresses, leaves may turn dull-green to brown and remain attached to the plant. When the stem and roots are cut diagonally, reddish-brown streaks are visible in the vascular tissues.
Conditions for Disease Development
The fungus survives in the soil for several years and is spread by farm equipment, irrigation water and infected plant debris. Warm soil temperatures (33° C; 92° F) and high soil moisture generally favor rapid disease development.
Plant on raised beds to help promote soil water drainage away from roots. Thoroughly disinfect equipment before moving from infested to clean fields.